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Wednesday, 1 June 2016

Linux Packages



Linux Packages

Sometimes a system admin needs to install various types of packages to the Linux server. Some of the useful command to install the packages are as below:






Syntax Description Example(s)

#rpm -ivh {rpm-file}  Install the package

#rpm -ivh --test mozilla-mail-1.7.5-17.i586.rpm

#rpm -Uvh {rpm-file} Upgrade package



#rpm -Uvh --test mozilla-mail-1.7.6-12.i586.rpm

#rpm -ev {package} Erase/remove/ an installed package

#rpm -ev mozilla-mail

#rpm -ev --nodeps {package} Erase/remove/ an installed package without checking for dependencies

#rpm -ev --nodeps mozilla-mail

#rpm -qa  Display list all installed packages

#rpm -qa | less

#rpm -qi {package} Display installed information along with package version and short description

#rpm -qi mozilla-mail

#rpm -qf {/path/to/file} Find out what package a file belongs to i.e. find what package owns the file

#rpm -qf /etc/passwd
#rpm -qf /bin/bash

#rpm -qc {pacakge-name} Display list of configuration file(s) for a package

#rpm -qc httpd

#rpm -qcf {/path/to/file} Display list of configuration files for a command

#rpm -qcf /usr/X11R6/bin/xeyes

#rpm -qa --last Display list of all recently installed RPMs

#rpm -qa --last | less
#rpm -qpR {.rpm-file}
#rpm -qR {package}

Find out what dependencies a rpm file has
#rpm -qpR mediawiki-4rc1-4.i586.rpm

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